The law for vehicular homicide: unsatisfactory and ineffective
The law for vehicular homicide.
Just a few months from the introduction of the conviction for vehicular homicide, the number of hit-and-runs and casualties is on the increase. The law punishes but does not prevent the reckless conduct that is happening.
A new law for old habits
On 25 March 2016, vehicular homicide was made a crime. The Italian population is troubled by the high number of images of victims of fatal road accidents.
For years the relatives of those who lost their lives in road-traffic accidents, grouped together in associations, quite legitimately called for a law that would punish someone and, in so doing, make an example of them, were they to cause a fatal accident. The current government responded by spouting a ruling on the subject that went a bit too far, and is therefore unlikely to be effective.
In fact, a few months later, the law’s failure is already clear. It has not ended up acting as a deterrent and, even worse than that, has caused more problems than could have been realistically expected.
Criminal Negligence has gone up 20%
When negligent conduct is punished as if it were intentional, you of course cannot hope for the crime to be prevented. Negligence has in fact increased by 20%, a percentage that proves the failure of the fundamental intentions of the law on vehicular homicide.
After two days, according to science, the effects of a joint have dispersed even if traces remain in the blood, for the new law these traces can lead to up to twelve years behind bars. According to the same principle, a minimal alcohol level could cost you up to ten years in prison.
In case of contributory negligence with the victim of the incident you can wait for as long as two and a half years. Alcohol and drugs cannot be the determining factors of an incident, in case their effects are exhausted.
A reckless driver who drives in an illegal manner must be punished for his own conduct and made an example of; the unfortunate person involved in the crime however should not be criminalised.
It is not difficult to imagine how the failed distinction might have led to the rise in so-called hit-and-run drivers, that is to say those that drive away from the place of the accident without dealing with the victims.
There was already the terrible habit of doing this when you were certain of punishment, how can a law that exacerbates the punishment manage to prevent it? Indeed, it does not work, just as it does not reduce the number of incidents, or casualties, which have gone up by 16.9% from March to today.
The number of deaths has not changed either, which constitutes another failure.
The council could declare the law unconstitutional
In fact, the council could end up declaring the law unconstitutional, as it has already done in the past for laws created with similar premises.
The real contradiction is that those who cause the death of someone after drinking or taking drugs, in contexts different from road-traffic accidents, continue to be judged in terms of manslaughter.
Prevention is better than punishment
The Research centre of the Associazione Sostenitori Amici Della Polizia Stradale (ASAPS), which has released data on accidents, predicts that by the end of 2016 we could have a complete picture, but already estimates that more than just to severity, the law is moving towards justice.
To bring down the number of accidents, it is the evaluation of the ASAP, one law will not be needed in these terms, but more officers would be needed, active on the street day and night, to verify the lucidity or state of drunkenness of the driver, to prevent them from using electronic devices at the wheel or to check that seat-belts are worn. These officers would be on the lookout before incidents actually take place.
Prevention of accidents can and must be done, learning from the mistakes of the past.
Drivers, vehicles and roads must be controlled, before they come together to lead to catastrophic consequences. A police officer that stops a drunk person before they get onto the motorway has already saved more lives than a law that would mean ten years in prison.
A road in good condition does not favour , and the same goes for vehicles.
If you (or someone you know) have been involved in an accident with serious consequences, do not hesitate to contact our Personal Injury lawyers who will be able to fully inform you on current legislation and assist you.
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The Law: important points
- With the approval of law 41 from 23/03/2016 unintentional vehicular homicide has become an autonomous crime.
- The terms of the prescription/verdict are redoubled.
- In the most serious and difficult cases, immediate arrest can result (in the case of crime/on the subject of crime).
- The possibility of a forced biological examination has been introduced.
- Whoever violates Traffic Laws and causes the death of another individual will be tried for homicide. In this case the conviction can range from 2 to 7 years in prison. If the driver of the vehicle is heavily under the influence of alcohol (a higher level than 1.5 grams per litre) or narcotic substances, the penalty for which they are convicted goes up from 8 to 12 years. A lower level of alcohol, with a level of 0.8 grams per litre, could be punished with a prison sentence from five, up to a maximum of ten years. This is the same prison sentence as for those who cause an accident through irresponsible conduct (exceeding the speed limit, driving on the wrong side, not respecting traffic lights, overtaking, risky manoeuvres…)
- Even lack of car insurance is considered a grave offence. If homicide is multiple or there were casualties on top of the death, the punishment could go up.
- The driver that drives away from an accident, after causing one, will see their penalty increased by one to two thirds (no less than 5 years for homicide, 3 for casualties).
- Drivers of heavy vehicles (lorries, coaches, buses) are met with more serious penalties.
- The penalty is actually reduced by half, though, if there is unintentional litigation with the victim or with others.
- It revokes the automatic licence even in the case of a sentence or plea bargain with a suspended sentence. This could be reinstated after 15 years in case of murder, after 5 in case of serious or very serious injuries. If the driver fled the scene, the suspension could be up to 30 years.
Driving on Italian with an overseas licence is prohibited.